A Statistical Approach for Quantifying Group Difference in Topic Distributions Using Clinical Discourse Samples

Abstract

Topic distribution matrices created by topic models are typically used for document classification or as features in a separate machine learning algorithm. Existing methods for evaluating these topic distributions include metrics such as coherence and perplexity; however, there is a lack of statistically grounded evaluation tools. We present a statistical method for investigating group difference in the document-topic distribution vectors created by latent Dirichlet allocation (LDA). After transforming the vectors using Aitchison geometry, we use multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA) to compare sample means and calculate effect size using partial eta-squared. We report the results of validating this method on a subset of the 20Newsgroup corpus. We also apply this method to a corpus of dialogues between Autistic and Typically Developing (TD) children and trained examiners. We found that the topic distributions of Autistic children differed from those of TD children when responding to questions about social difficulties. Furthermore, the examiners’ topic distributions differed between the Autistic and TD groups when discussing emotions and social difficulties. These results support the use of topic modeling in studying clinically relevant features of social communication such as topic maintenance.

Date
Sep 13, 2023 10:45 AM — 12:30 PM
Event
Main Conference, Oral Session 1
Location
SIGDIAL 2023 Conference, Prague, Czechia
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Grace Lawley
PhD candidate, Computer Science & Engineering